Art Styles & Genres

I love creating in a variety of styles and genres without being confined. Exploring a diverse range is exciting, satisfying and creatively liberating. The history of art is fascinating. A significant aspect of it is the various periods of art throughout history. From these periods, many styles and genres have emerged, including those that are more recent. This is a brief overview to provide you with some background regarding the some of the periods, styles and genres. Links to Wikipedia for further information is provided.

Art has a rich and diverse history that spans thousands of years and encompasses many different cultures and civilizations.

The earliest known examples of art date back to the Paleolithic period, around 40,000 years ago, when early humans created cave paintings and sculptures. These early works of art were primarily used for religious or ceremonial purposes.
Of this period, the Venus of Willendorf depicted here is one of the most famous Venus figurines.

The ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt also made significant contributions to the history of art. Mesopotamian art is known for its elaborate relief sculptures and intricate metalwork, while Egyptian art is characterized by its monumental statues and hieroglyphs.

During the Classical period, ancient Greece and Rome produced some of the most iconic and enduring works of art in history. Greek art is known for its idealized human forms and emphasis on harmony and balance, while Roman art is characterized by its realism and technical skill. In the Middle Ages, art in Europe was primarily religious in nature and was produced in the form of illuminated manuscripts, frescoes, and sculptures. The Gothic period saw the rise of cathedrals and the development of the pointed arch, which greatly influenced the architecture of the time.

The Renaissance, which began in the 14th century in Italy, was a time of great artistic, intellectual, and cultural awakening. During this period, artists such as Leonardo da Vinci (renouned for the Mona Lisa painting depicted here, among many other), Michelangelo, and Raphael created masterpieces that continue to be admired today. They emphasized on naturalism, realism and perspective, and an interest in classical art and philosophy.
The Baroque period followed the Renaissance, characterized by grandeur and drama in art, music and architecture, with artists such as Caravaggio, Rubens and Bernini.

In the 18th century, the Rococo style emerged, characterized by lightness and elegance, and was popular in France, also where the term Genre Art came about, the depiction and representation of everyday life rather than staged portraits, landscapes, or historical scenes.

The 19th century saw the rise of Romanticism, which emphasized emotion and individualism, as well as the emergence of the Industrial Revolution, which had a profound impact on art and society. The Impressionism movement, began in France, and focused on capturing the effects of light and movement in paintings.

In the last century, art has undergone many styles and movements that have pushed the boundaries of creativity and expression. One of the most notable movements of the early 20th century is Surrealism. Surrealism, a cultural and intellectual movement, started in the 1920s and aimed to explore the subconscious mind through art. Artists such as Salvador Dali (painting on the left) and Max Ernst used techniques such as collage, photomontage, and decalcomania to create dream-like and fantastical imagery.

Another significant movement of the mid-20th century is Pop Art. Pop Art emerged in the 1950s and 1960s as a reaction to the seriousness of abstract expressionism. Artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, and Jasper Johns used everyday objects and mass-produced imagery in their art, challenging the traditional notions of high and low art. Cubism, a movement that began in the early 20th century, also had a significant impact on modern art. Pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, Cubism broke down the traditional rules of perspective and representation. Instead, they represented subjects through fragmented, geometric shapes, creating a new way of seeing and understanding the world. Contemporary art, a term that encompasses art produced from the 1960s to the present day, has a wide range of styles and movements. It includes various forms such as conceptual art, performance art, installation art, and digital art. From Surrealism to Pop Art, Cubism, and Contemporary art, these movements have had a significant impact on the way we think about and understand art today.

One of my biggest loves is the very underrated Fantasy art genre. Clearly a very niche, yet very passionate following. The history of fantasy art can be traced back to the early 20th century, with the emergence of the fantasy and science fiction genres in literature and art. These artists were heavily influenced by mythology, folklore, and medieval art, and their work often featured fantastical creatures, landscapes, and settings.

In the 1950s and 1960s, the popularity of fantasy art increased with the rise of the fantasy and science fiction genres in literature and film. I was highly influenced and inspired by artists such as Chesley Bonestell , Frank Frazetta, H.R Gigier and especial Boris Vallejo, whom all became well-known for their illustrations and cover art for fantasy movie posters and influence, novels and comics. With the emergence of digital art in the late 20th century, fantasy art also made the transition to digital mediums.

The 21st century has seen the continued evolution of art, with the rise of digital and conceptual art, as well as new forms of expression, such as performance art and street art. The art scene is constantly changing and evolving, and new styles and movements are emerging all the time. This is a brief overview of the history of art, and there are many other periods and styles that can be included, and many more details to be added to each period.

There is a lot of art history. Fascinating and it’s this that inspires me to explore all across the spectrum of styles and genres and not to be confined of specific styles and limitations. To be an artist for me is to explore, to play and to grow. And how can we grow if we don’t explore everything and ever style that appeals to us.

Below is a timetable of the main periods which include the many styles and genres. Inconclusion,

Art PeriodYears
Romanesque1000 – 1150
Gothic1140 – 1600
Renaissance1495 – 1527
Mannerism1520 – 1600
Baroque1600 – 1725
Rococo1720 – 1760
Neoclassicism1770 – 1840
Romanticism1800 – 1850
Realism1840 – 1870
Pre-Raphaelite1848 – 1854
Impressionism1870 – 1900
Naturalism1880 – 1900
Post-Impressionism1880 – 1920
Symbolism1880 – 1910
Expressionism1890 – 1939
Art Noveau1895 – 1915
Cubism1905 – 1939
Futurism1909 – 1918
Dadaism1912 – 1923
New Objectivity1918 – 1933
Precisionism1920 – 1950
Art Deco1920 – 1935
Bauhaus1920 – 1925
Surrealism1924 – 1945
Abstract Expressionism1945 – 1960
Pop-Art1956 – 1969
Arte Povera1960 – 1969
Minimalism1960 – 1975
Photorealism1968 – now
Lowbrow Pop Surrealism1970 – now
Contemporary Art1978 – now